Decades of ethnic tension and civil war has caused problems for a country that many outside of Africa know little about. Burundi became independent in 1962 following time spent under the control of Germany and Belgium.
The recent past has seen continual violence between the Hutu and Tutsi groups. Also, there are often serious arguments over land due to the huge reliance on farmland. In 2008, a power sharing agreement was reached, but ceasefires are still broken regularly in what has been a difficult peace process. The country is one of the poorest in the world and vulnerable people are often caught up in the crossfire.
Tell me something about Burundi….
- The total population is 10.2million
- The population is crammed into an area just 1/3 of the size of Scotland
- Farming is vital. 93% of those employed earn their living by growing their own crops
- 60% of the population is unemployed
- Burundi is located in Central Africa and is bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east, Lake Tanganyika to the southwest and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to the west