El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America and the most crowded in the region. Civil war, devastating earthquakes and huge income inequalities have shaped El Salvador over the last three decades. It is very crowded and that means that any natural disaster hits much harder than it might otherwise do. Fighting has caused serious issues which the country is still recovering from.
The 12 year civil war ended in 1992 and is believed to have left 75,000 people dead. Climate change has had a devastating impact in rural areas where floods, droughts and storms are always felt with greater force.
Tell me something about El Salvador…
- The country has a population of 6 million
- El Salvador sits between its larger neighbours Guatemala and Honduras. It also borders the Pacific Ocean
- Climate change is hitting agriculture hard and harming incomes
- Lack of access to water for farming
- Violence continues as a gang culture has developed in recent years