Decades of ethnic violence resulted in the devastating Rwandan genocide of 1994. The country has become infamous for the events of 1994 and for being Africa’s most crowded nation.
The country has made positive steps since 1994. Hutus and Tutsis largely live in peace but the wounds will take decades to heal. There are green shoots for the future with education improving and the largely agricultural economy being opened up to foreign investment.
Trade is difficult as Rwanda is landlocked, leaving long distances to port. This means there are few opportunities to develop the economy away from an over reliance on farming.
Tell me something about Rwanda….
- The country has a population of 11.3million
- Rwanda is a landlocked country located in Central Africa, bordered by DRC, Burundi, Uganda and Tanzania
- Over 42% of young people are either unemployed or underemployed
- Women still have problems getting work outside of farming despite getting stronger rights in the 2003 Constitution of Rwanda
- Social problems still exist due to the 1994 genocide