Zambia was the world’s third biggest copper producer during the 1960s. However, in 1975 a collapse in world copper prices left the Zambian economy severely affected.
The country became one of the world’s poorest countries and most Zambians have suffered a decline in living standards since independence from the UK in 1964.
Zambia introduced a multi-party system in 1991. Corruption and an autocratic style of political leadership have provided significant barriers to further political development. The recent election was deemed a great success and removed the president who was very keen to remain in power.
Copper still accounts for the majority of Zambia’s income and demand by electronics manufacturers and investment in mines has grown in recent years. Zambia relies heavily on copper, which makes the country particularly vulnerable to any fall in copper prices. The economy has gained stability in recent years and this has led to greater investment from aid donors and foreign companies in the country. However, poverty remains an issue due to factors such as the high birth rate of 43 births per 1000 people.
Tell me something about Zambia….
- Zambia has a population of 13.8 million
- The country is landlocked by Angola, DRC, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Zimbabwe and Botswana.
- It is a place of outstanding natural beauty, home to the beautiful Victoria Falls on the Zambezi River. The country is mostly spread across a high plateau with some mountainous terrain.
- Zambia has one of the world’s worst HIV & AIDS epidemics
- Climate change is potentially harming agriculture through strange weather such as frosts